What are services
Services are a kind of programs that run in the background and do not require user input.
Services can either be specific to the Windows operating system or be third-party applications. Examples of services that the user can install himself: web server, VNC remote desktop server, SSH server, MySQL server.
You can manage services:
in the graphical interface
in command line
Configuring services in the GUI
To open the service manager, search for “Services” and press Enter:
Another way to open this window is to press Win+r and enter:
Here, in the Name column, you will see a list of the services running on your system, along with their Description. You will also be able to see their Status – whether they are running or stopped, as well as Startup Type and Log On As.
Windows service startup types
Windows 10 offers the following startup types:
Automatic (Delayed Start)
Manual (Trigger Start)
Start, stop, disable Windows services
To start, stop, pause, resume, or restart any Windows service, select the service and right-click it. You will be presented with these options.
If you want to manage additional options, double-click the Service to open its properties window.
Here, in the Startup Type drop-down menu, you will be able to select the startup type for the Service.
In the Service Status section, you will see the Start, Stop, Pause, Resume buttons.
In the Properties window, you will also see other tabs, such as Log On, Recovery, and Dependencies, which offer additional options and information.
After making the changes, you will need to click “Apply” button.
Managing Services Using the Command Line
You can also use command prompt to start, stop, pause, resume service. To use the console, open a Command Prompt or PowerShell with administrator rights and run one of the following commands.
To start the service:
net start SERVICE
For example, to start the mysql service:
net start mysql
To stop the service:
net stop SERVICE
For example, to stop the mysql service:
net stop mysql
To pause a service (not all services can be paused!):
net pause SERVICE
To resume the service:
net continue SERVICE
To disable autostart of a service:
sc config "SERVICE_NAME" start=disabled
For example, to disable subsequent starts of the mysql service:
sc config "mysql" start=disabled
To enable autostart of the service:
sc config "SERVICE_NAME" start=auto
For example, to enable autostart of the mysql service:
sc config "mysql" start=auto
Enumerating the states of active services and drivers
Enumerating Win32 Services Only
sc query type=service
To view the status of a specific service:
sc query SERVICE_NAME
For example, to see the status of an Apache2.4 service:
sc query Apache2.4
Managing Windows Services with PowerShell
PowerShell is Microsoft's task automation and configuration management framework. In this section, we will walk you through how to manage Windows services through PowerShell, as it is much faster and more efficient than other methods.
As you probably know, one of the most important parts of every operating system is the service that runs through it, and in general, it can be said that every part of the operating system that starts has a specific service that can be controlled and monitored.
Here's a comprehensive guide to using PowerShell to manage Windows services.
Launch PowerShell Terminal as Administrator. To do this, press Win+x and select Windows PowerShell (Admin):
First, you should get a list of available services using the following command:
This is the sample output you will receive.
In the default output, you will see 3 main sections: Status, Name and DisplayName. Now, if you want to find and list a specific service, you can filter out any of the parameters.
Show all services with names starting with wi:
Get-Service -Name wi*
Show all services whose display names start with win:
Get-Service -DisplayName win*
Note: if you want to access another computer over the network, you can view the list of services for that system using this command:
Get-Service -ComputerName SERVER1
An important part of service management is the management of dependent services.
To access the list of DependentServices for a specific service, we can use the following command:
Get-Service -Name SERVICE_NAME -DependentServices
Get-Service -Name WSearch -DependentServices
You can also use the RequiredServices parameter to get a list of service prerequisites.
Get-Service -Name SERVICE_NAME -RequiredServices
Get-Service -Name WSearch -RequiredServices
So with the commands above, we can find the name of the service you want, see the status and associated services or their dependencies. Now let's look at the commands for managing services.
To stop the service using PowerShell, you can use the following command:
Stop-Service -Name SERVICE_NAME
Stop-Service -Name Apache2.4
The following examples will be shown on the Apache2.4 service. That is, in the following commands, replace “Apache2.4” with the name of the service you are interested in.
To start a service in PowerShell, you can use this command:
Start-Service -Name Apache2.4
One of the most commonly used commands for working with services is the restart service command. The structure of the service restart command is as follows:
Restart-Service -Name Apache2.4
Finally, the following command is used to temporarily suspend a service.
Suspend-Service -Name Apache2.4
To change the startup mode of the service, use a command of the form:
Set-Service -Name SERVICE_NAME -StartupType START_TYPE
The START_TYPE can be:
Automatic – the service will be started or was started by the operating system at system startup. If an auto-start service depends on a manually-started service, the manually-started service also starts automatically at system startup.
AutomaticDelayedStart – Runs shortly after the system boots.
Disabled – the service is disabled and cannot be started by the user or application.
InvalidValue – Has no effect. The cmdlet does not return an error, but the StartupType of the service is not changed.
Manual – the service is started only manually, by the user, using the service control manager or application.
These are the most commonly used commands for managing services in PowerShell. For more information on PowerShell commands and how they work, use the Get-Help command.