Tag: working efficiency

Xfce boots without Taskbar and Start button (SOLVED)

From time to time my Kali Linux with Xfce desktop environment boots up without the taskbar and start button. Only desktop shortcuts and the desktop itself are visible, that is, the system looks like this (this is a full, uncropped screen).

It is almost impossible to work in such a system, although Linux works, it allows you to open a terminal window, launch desktop shortcuts.

Usually in this case, I right-clicked on the desktop, selected “Open Terminal Here” from the context menu, and entered the command to reboot the system:


After a reboot, the Taskbar might or might not appear, just as it did when the computer was turned on.

I don't know if this is a problem with my personal Kali Linux and Xfce installation, or a bug in the desktop environment or VirtualBox.

In addition to rebooting the entire system, there is another, faster way to reboot the desktop.

To do this, press the Win key.

This will open the Operating System Menu.

Click the “Log Out” button with the mouse.

Select “Log Out”.

You will be prompted to enter a username and password to log in.

Enter your username and password.

Now Xfce has booted up normally, with the Taskbar and other elements.

To quickly log out of Linux, you can use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Alt+Delete.

Alternatively, you can restart the Display Manager with the following command:

sudo systemctl restart lightdm

To enter it, open the terminal, this can be done by right-clicking on the desktop and selecting “Open Terminal Here”, or use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+Alt+t

How to quickly move to the beginning and end of a web page

The pages on some websites are very, very long. Navigating a page with a lot of text and images can get too tedious if done with the mouse. There are several ways out of this situation at once.

This short note will show you how to move up and down very quickly on any web page.

Use the buttons on the numeric keypad

The number block is located on the right side of the keyboard. The keys on it have numbers.

Also on the buttons with numbers there are additional designations: cursor arrows and inscriptions.

To quickly move around the site page, use the following buttons:

  • End – down the page
  • PgUp – up one page
  • PgDn – down one page
  • Home – top of the page

If the buttons don't work, press NumLk.

The keys on the numeric keypad have two modes: entering numbers and moving through the lines and pages of documents. The NumLk key toggles between these two functions.

Use the scrollbar slider

What to do if there is no number pad on the keyboard? An alternative to the keyboard can be a scroll bar slider on the page.

A slider appears on the right side of any page that goes beyond the screen height.

Move the mouse cursor over this slider, hold down the left mouse button and move it up or down. In just a second, you can scroll down pages of any length!

Similarly, you can return to the very beginning of an article on a website.

Use the “To Top” button

Many sites, especially those with longer articles, have a “To Top” button that immediately takes users back to the top of the article. Look for this button in the bottom right or bottom left corner.

Some sites don't have this button.

How to select multiple inconsistent files and other tips for selecting files

You may need to select files in order to copy or delete several files at once. To select one file, just click on it with the left mouse button.

How to select all files

To select all files in a folder, go to that directory and press Ctrl+a on your keyboard. This keyboard shortcut works in all file managers.

You can also select the first file, and then press the Shift key and click on the last file, as a result they will all be selected.

How to select multiple consecutive files

If you need to select a range of files, then click on the first of them, and then hold down the Shift key and click on the last in the range that you want to select.

How to select files without using a mouse

Use the cursor keys to select the first file. If the cursor is in another panel, then use the Tab key to switch to the file panel.

Navigate to the first file you want to select.

Press the Shift key.

Without releasing Shift, move the cursor keys to the end of the file list you want to select.

When you reach the file you want, release the Shift key.

How to select multiple inconsistent files

If you select one or more files, and then move to another file and try to select it, then the selection from the first file will be deselected.

To continue selecting any number of files, press the Ctrl key before clicking the mouse. It is not necessary to hold it all the time - most importantly, do not forget to press Ctrl before selecting the next file.

How to deselect files

To deselect files, just click anywhere in the window of your file manager.

How to disable window grouping in Xfce

Window grouping is a combination of icons of open applications of the same type into one. Grouping saves space on your control panel.

But not everyone likes the grouping of windows, because in this form, more actions are needed to switch to the desired window. You can also get confused in the windows and waste time switching between them.

In this article, I will show you how to disable window grouping in Xfce, as well as how to enable window grouping in Xfce.

Disable combining windows on the taskbar in Xfce

Start by right-clicking on the taskbar.

In the context menu that opens, select “Panel” → “Panel Preferences”:

Switch to the “Items” tab:

Find “Window Buttons” and click the “Edit the currently selected item” button.

In the “Windows grouping” drop-down list, select “Never”:

After that, the windows will no longer be assembled into one icon.

How to enable window grouping in Xfce

  1. Right-click on the taskbar.
  2. In the context menu that opens, select “Panel” → “Panel Preferences”.
  3. Switch to the “Items” tab.
  4. Find “Window Buttons” and click the “Edit the currently selected item” button.
  5. In the “Windows grouping” drop-down list, select “Always”.